The lineage of the 14TFS goes back to World War II, when it started in 1942 as a Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron in the Lockheed F-4 Photo Lightning.
The unit moved overseas in 1943 to fly combat photo recon missions with the Lockheed F-5 Photo Lightning, as well as the Supermarine Spitfire PR Mk. XI, in the European Theater of Operations as part of Eighth Air Force. Late in the war, the squadron also flew the North American P-51D Mustang as a recon escort against the Me-262 jet fighter threat.
After brief postwar periods as a photo recon squadron, and later as a troop carrier squadron in the reserve component, the unit was activated in the Vietnam War as a McDonnell Douglas RF-4C Phantom II outfit. Based in Thailand during that war, the 14th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron and was heavily involved in the air war over Southeast Asia.
The 14TRS was inactivated after that war in 1975, and remained so until it was redesignated as a Tactical Fighter Squadron on 5 June 1984. This was the same date of the redesignations of the 432d Tactical Fighter Wing and 13th Tactical Fighter Squadron.
Once the 14TFS was activated at Misawa Air Base, Japan, on 1 January 1987, it built up combat capability with personnel and equipment in the first half of that year. The first General Dynamics F-16C Block 30s started arriving in the squadron in the spring of 1987, fresh from the factory at Ft. Worth, Texas. The squadron was commanded by Lt Col David Hamilton – more on this outstanding combat-proven leader later.
Following the Gulf War of 1991, as part of an AF-wide reorganization the unit was redesignated as the 14th Fighter Squadron on 31 May 1991, a designation which remains in effect. The “T” word was now verboten! A full lineage and honors statement of the squadron can be found in a Fact Sheet on the Air Force Historical Research Agency Website at:
Thole, Dave, “Flying Lightning: The History of the 14th Fighter Squadron,” Writers Club Press, Lincoln, NE, 2001
14PRS emblem at: http://airforcephotos.togetherweserved.com/286918.jpg
Spitfire PR Mk. XI artwork at: http://th04.deviantart.net/fs71/PRE/f/2010/102/8/2/828b8c2d0c1b6b35c8d34477cdf2599f.jpg
14TRS RF-4C Image at: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rf-4c-14trs-udon.jpg
F-16C at Luke image at: http://www.deviantart.com/morelikethis/artists/213286957?view_mode=2